Editor’s Note: Susan Ople is founder and president of the Blas F. Ople Policy Center and Training Institute, a Philippine non-profit organization dedicated to helping distressed Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs) with labor and migration issues. The center also provides free legal help to human trafficking survivors, and other free reintegration services. She was named as a U.S. State Department Trafficking in Persons Hero of 2013.
By Susan V. Ople, Special for CNN
If you ask young people what they could get for U.S. $200 or less, their answers would probably include a tablet, a smart phone, or a designer bag. Not on the list, a foreign maid - unless you live in Singapore, Malaysia, Hong Kong, or any country in the Middle East.
In the United States, maids are for the rich and famous. Modern-day slavery in the western world commonly wears the face of a prostitute, a trafficked child, or an illegal migrant exploited by his or her employer. For third world countries, human slavery often has the face of a domestic worker isolated from society and kept invisible inside private homes of their employers.
As an advocate for migrant workers’ rights, I have seen slavery up close. It has many faces: a jealous female employer, sexual predators, pimps, illegal recruiters, and corrupt officials. Common among them is the belief that a foreign domestic worker is a commodity to be used or sold, or both.
Sarah (not her real name) was a Filipino domestic worker sold 11 times to different employers in Saudi Arabia. She ended up in a hospital after being beaten black and blue by the last of her employers. She was repatriated home without months of unpaid wages. Slavery has left its thumbprint in the way she speaks, at times incoherent, and in her distrust of people.
In Malaysia last year, the Singaporean owner of a manpower agency was tried for human trafficking. “Here in Malaysia, I am your god,” the employer told two Filipina maids whose faces he slapped repeatedly. In this case, close coordination among the victims, two governments (Philippines and Malaysia), and the non-profit organization that I head, the Blas F. Ople Policy Center, resulted in a conviction. The challenge lies in trying to replicate the same model for victims in other countries.
The Ople Center is named after my late father, former Philippine labor and foreign affairs secretary and senator Blas F. Ople. Born of humble beginnings, he developed the Philippine overseas employment program as labor secretary during the Marcos era. In those days, the Philippines deployed mostly nurses, engineers, construction workers, and other skilled workers primarily to the Middle East.
Today, our case files are filled with the stories of abused Filipino maids sold by foreign agencies to different employers for an average monthly wage of $200. Our mission, in partnership with the Philippine government, is to bring them home to safety. We offer training to equip these individuals with alternative skills that will allow them better, safer jobs and an enduring freedom.
Recently, the Philippines forged a landmark bilateral agreement with Saudi Arabia that prescribes a minimum wage of $400 for Filipino maids, days of rest, and quick response mechanisms for abused Filipino maids. Our government is negotiating similar agreements with other countries.
In June, I received the Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Hero Award from U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry in Washington DC. While receiving the award, I thought of all the abused women that we rescued around the world. They are the real heroes fighting to give a better life for their families.
Behind every foreign maid is a family trying hard to survive poverty. Some societies choose to look down on them for the work that they do. Yet, fighting slavery starts with being kinder and more respectful as a person, as a nation, and as an entire civilization. A person enslaved diminishes us all, regardless of what we do and who we are.
Our daughter and son-in-law employed a Filipino nanny in Vietnam. They paid her well ($400 US). She did not live with them...they paid her rent and she ate all her meals in their home. When they left Vietnam my husband and I decided to pay her way through university in Manila. We are not wealthy...our children are not wealthy...but we know the value of a kind, caring woman who was there for our baby and toddler while her mother worked. The price of educating her is minimal and yet her family will reap the benefits for years to come...and we will be there for her graduation~
Sorry $400 might be a minimum but it's disgraceful – If you won't work for that you shouldn't pay someone that either.
What $400 buys you in the Philippines is food, education, medicine, cement houses instead of huts, sewerage system and security. You should not judge salaries by your standards, but by the standards and "purchasing power" back home.
The real question here is, how much does $400 get you in Vietnam? In different countries, things are worth more or less money. In third world countries especially, the prices of things may be drastically less than in first world countries. A dollar can last alot longer in some places than others. While it may seem apalling to us, I would wager that $400 is plenty of money in Vietnam.
400 dollars is what an engineer earns in india, i think its very generous.
@Xin – have you never lived outside a first world country? If you haven't, then your comments aren't very educated. if you have, then they are just stupid. In a country where you can rent 2 bedroom hut for $15/month, don't have to pay for a vehicle or insurance because you can take a taxi for $0.50 or $1.00 each way – or walk for a few months and then buy a bike, $400 is pretty good pay and will allow them to help put their children in a better school allowing them to finally go to university. If the minimum wage for them was $800 – most would be forced to move back to the village and never learn anything except poverty. Now in US, due to our cost of living, the minimum wage should be $1500 – 2500 depending on what state you live in....its all relative to cost of living...
Unfortunately xin is full of carp. At $400 she undoubtably sent well over half of that home and it probably went to supporting family. Not even to mention that she received an education paid for by the family. She was very well compensated, regardless of xin.
Spare us your righteous indignation. People would DEF work for 400$ in Vietnam
I work regularly with mariners, sailor's, and some receive less than $200 per month and have to sign conttracts for 4 months or more, some up to one year. It is the going wage for this skill and they are happy to get it. Be réal if you can, and imagine what thé cost of your iPad would be if "others" were paid the same wages as a technincal person whose standard of living in europe is $6000 per month. I know that a man with a family can live a comfortable life on less than $300 wage per month in Indonesia. Its not slavery, its the wage structure, the standard of living,. and its so much more than anything they would get paid working on the beach. If you think about it, they receive more than a lot of Amercans who might earn more per hour, but have much higher bills to keep up a household. In the end, its all relative ........
Regardless, Im so much opposed to slavery, which is working and not getting paid at all.
She is just another "victim" blaming the west for failures of her own people and government.
The same thing happened to me in México. We have a maid, and even though some people might have the misconception that being a maid is terrible, it is actually a good thing. Maids usually get paid more than minimum wage plus free living space and food, that is often better than their own homes and food. Families also help them, and their children get an education, and a better quality of living, compare this with working in the fields all day, having to support a family and pulling them out of school to help with the labor, and being a maid is infinitely better. The occurences that Susan Ople describe might rarely happen. It also varies from country to country.
Joan, blessings to you & your family! maraming salamat po!
This is horrible.
Even more horrible is the prison industrial complex's hold on our laws. We are paying $30,000-60,000 per prisoner a year to privatized prison owners and then selling their labors for 25 cents an hour. The obscenity of privatized prisons. They have contacted 48 governors and offered to manage their prisons if they could be guaranteed 90% occupancy. I'd like to see less crime and reason for incarceration.
I think the real term here is indentured servant. Slavery would imply that these people were forcible removed from the their home land which they weren't. Sensationalizing a story with word play to elicit sympathy detracts from resolving the true problem at hand and enlightening people to the nature of the issue.
They were enticed to leave by being offered a decent pay, then either not paid or paid a tiny bit. Then they are not allowed to leave. Their passports are taken and many times they are not even allowed out of the house. In any case, they cannot leave their employer or the country. Just this week the local newspaper in Kuwait reported cases of maids who have hanged themselves – I'd rather die than do this – and maids beaten, with horrible photos of their wounds. Don't think because you don't see it that it doesn't exist. It is slavery. And nothing has been sensationalized.
I live in Taiwan and foreign maids get paid $20,000 ntd or around ($600usd) a month. I know there is abuse of these workers sometimes but over all I believe the maids here in Taiwan are treated fairly. You speak of some isolated cases to try and make it sound like they are all mistreated and are slaves which is untrue. They have laws here to protect the foreign workers as do most other countries. The country that he domestic house workers come from should make sure there are laws to protect them before they let them go. I would think twice If I was a woman before going to the middle east for a job. The women who live in these countries are treated as second class citizens, so how will they treat a foreign woman worker? You sound like you have an agenda, which is to create a job for yourself.
Not even close. Being an indentured servant implies there is a legal agreement to work for a set amount of time in order to gain a set reward. It basically means you have a debt to your employer that you are working off. Being beaten and having your promised pay withheld is not normal for an indentured servant. It is criminal.
Exactly...they cry slavery but it's simply horrible working conditions. The dangers are known. These "maids" don't go through reputable employment agencies; usually friends of friends or agencies run out of the trunk of a car run these operations. Calling these situations "slavery" is disrespectful to actual slaves. Whine and cry to the Western world to get sympathy, assistance and above all, money. If the families who push their daughters into this line of work need that income to live, then why did they have children at all? These countries are producing and exporting disposable people and it's no fault but their own.
I know what you're trying to say, but unfortunately you have no clue as to the "truth". Sure no one is being "forced" to leave their homes to work, but trust me, it's slavery !! Lucky for you I have to go to work right now, otherwise I would give you example upon example upon example as to why these girls are treated like SLAVES ! If this thread continues for another 8 hours...I'll be back, and I'll be more than happy to enlighten you !
So where does the $200 come in? Per month? This is a SALARY, not buying the person. They also CHOOSE to take these jobs and the risks are well-known. Physical abuse is obviously wrong against any animal but you couldn't pay me enough to have a philipino in my house. Those who use a phillipino as a nanny should be locked away for child abuse. People are NOT equal but that doesn't mean you can abuse them.
"Those who use a phillipino [sic] as a nanny should be locked away for child abuse." What is your logic? Many Filipinos are well educated, with college or even training to be nurses. They are good with children and responsible. Yes, you will find the occasional individuals who came from a village and has not been properly trained in certain areas, but for the most part, Filipino's are a hardworking and honest people.
It's Filipino by the way. I lived in the Philippines for a number of years and it is usually rich countries in the Middle East where you find the greatest abuse. Nannies in Canada earn about $1,200 a month with free room and board. A decent wage. It is far less in Saudi and they are treated like slaves.
Why don't you want a Filipino in your home? Are you racist?
t would trust a Filipino over you any day. In ALL of my experiences, they are caring, family oriented, trustworthy, hard working people. That is why they are in such high demand.
Cynthia seems to be writing from a place of both ignorance and racism ("... you couldn't pay me enough to have a philipino in my house"). I had a Filipino nanny/helper when both of my sons were babies. The first one had previously been a high school teacher in the Philippines, but could make more money as a maid in Hong Kong. She was extremely good. She subsequently fell in love with and married a Canadian and moved to Canada, but named her first son after me. I don't think that would have been the case if she felt abused or mistreated in any way. For my second son we had a Filipino helper, so my wife could focus on the baby. Again, I think it was a very good experience on both sides. This is not necessarily a negative relationship.
Well well well....may I ask...how difficult is it to type with the white hood over your face ?
LMAO! You nailed her!
Well well well.....how difficult is it for you to type your hatred with a white hood over your face ?!
What Susan Ople tells are half truths. Telling one side of the story is as good as a lie.
While there are certainly cases of maids being abused in some of the countries she's mentioned, these are the exception. The majority of the foreign workers live comfortably as extended members of their employers' families. Furthermore, what they earn is sent home and helps their families, yes, even in the Philippines. Susan Ople forgets that not everyone comes from a privileged background as she. Many back in the provinces are poor and whatever they receive from those working overseas, whether as nurses, engineers, or even maids, will help. What Susan conveniently forgets to mention is how the Philippines government makes money off their maids, by making them (or their employers) pay an "exit tax" for those who go back on home visits and want to return back to their jobs. They are forced to join some Overseas Workers Welfare Administration (OWWA) membership for a fee, then made to apply for an Overseas Employment Certificate, again for more fees, each time they want to leave the Philippines. All on the pretext of "helping" their people. How about addressing the issues of the home country, and the corruption, before asking if your foreign workers want to return home.
I employ Filipinos, both in a professional capacity at work, as well as a "maid" at home, which we treat as family. She eats out with the family, we celebrate her birthday, we support her volleyball league. I can tell you this, most Filipinos have no plans of going home long term. There is nothing for them there.
Over the years, as employers of domestic help, we've had our share of liars, thieves and deadbeats from Indonesia and the Philippines. Our current Filipino live-in helper has been with our family for six years. She's trustworthy, hardworking and an all round fantastic person. She is one of the family, is always treated as such and wants for nothing. Whether it be movies, outings or special occasions, she's always included but given a choice to do as she pleases. She makes her own work schedule and can take time off when she wants.
I can't speak for other countries but Singapore has pretty stiff laws when it comes to domestic worker abuse. Even though, a good portion of employers treat their maids well, some do walk the line. There are those who do treat their domestic helpers like second class citizens or robots. Our maid has on many occasions had to sneak food over the fence to our neighbour's maids because all they were allowed to eat was instant noodles. She has never had to ask permission to show kindness as her acts have our full approval.
Even though she has land and a house in the Philippines, I doubt that our maid wants to go home. Her sons are in college now and if the time comes when they want to move to Singapore to be with their mother, we will do all we can to help.
She is not even telling half of what some Filipino maids have gone through. Many are raped starved and not paid. That is slavery. She is not trying to deceive anyone. Anyone who does not believe this do your research. http://www.migrant-rights.org/2010/03/02/modern-day-slavery-in-the-uae-unpaid-filipino-maid-beaten-and-starved-for-years/
ROTFL. If you think slavery doesn't exist in the Western world TO-DAY, then what is the trillion's of people's business of making it to work at 8:30 AM??? Slavery perfectly exists today. If one does not believe this, then one have been successfully indoctrinated by ur liberator. namely your BOSS, ol' dog. Go to Churc get the real story – or else, simply go to work, like the modern day slave U ARE.
Umm, where is the fact checking? Hong Kong has minimum salary laws for helpers. 505 usd a month. (3920) hkd, plus you must provide them with adequate board and food. And paid flights back home.
Our helper supports her entire family in the Philippines with her salary. She is not a slave, she is an employee.
Poverty in the Philippines is a huge problem. Now her 4 children all attend school towards graduation and her eldest son is preparing to study to become a registered seaman. He will then also be able to contribute and maybe the younger ones may be able to afford a nursing college.
There are some people who traffic Phillipinos, but making wild, unsubstantiated accusations against entire countries without any evidence is outrageously poor reporting, CNN get your act together.
Cynthia you need to do your research before criticizing others. It is often reported in Philippine media of abuse of Filipinos who are maids in the middle east. You are a hypocrite. You say it is wrong to have a Filipino nanny while you have one for a helper. Just stay out of the conversation you don't know what you are talking about.
This article is very sad and shows a grim reality of abuse. But the author, a Filipino. is blaming the rest of the world for the suffering of their people. I have never heard of a German servant being abused in a foreign country.
Because their leaders and the market in their country offer them well paid jobs at home and they do no need to emigrate.
The main blame should be on the Filipino society and their leaders , that force millions of their country men and women to go abroad for a job.
Ms.Ople , start doing your home work in your country, trying to mobilize society to do something.
Exactly, Ms Ople should work on getting home issues sorted out, instead of trying to blame other countries. Sort of like welfare recipients telling the state that their welfare payments are too little to survive on, while not trying to improve themselves or get a job. Filipinos want to work, they want to be able to support their families, and have meaningful lives. Unfortunately, there is nothing in our country to look forward to, so we have to work overseas in whatever jobs we can find. $400 may not seem like a lot to most people, but it feeds and clothes my family, pays for my sister's hospital bills. Ms Ople's comments will make it more expensive for employers to hire Filipinos and we will be out of work. Is she going to pay us when we have no more jobs?
This article is a bit confused. There are two issues here. Wages in the developing world are low in comparison to the US and Europe. $200/month is a good salary for unskilled labor where more than 50% of the population lives on less than $1/day. This wage buys a comfortable life and th ability to education your children. The real issue is abuse, forced labor, and essentially kidnapping that goes on.
The author certainly has got many facts wrong and have also failed to mention many things. US$200 will not get you a "slave" in SIngapore or HK. They are paid salaries far more than what is stated and have clear job descriptions. All of them are required to understand and agree to the job description before been given a work permit to work. In Singapore, they are also required to attend training in order for them to understand what their rights are and what the employers are not allowed to ask them to do. Also, all of them are required to have health insurance. Passports and work permits are held by the domestic workers and not their employers so they are free to leave if they feel they are not treated well. Board and food costs are borne solely by the employers. Many of these domestic workers are from poor provinces and they are earning 5-10 times more than what they are paid in the Philippines with none of the basic job perks e.g. health insurance, etc. For many, been a domestic worker in Singapore or HK is a ticket out of poverty. The term slavery used here is extremely misleading.
Also: minimum wage for maids in Hong K ongis $505 usd. (3920 hkd), plus free board and food and flights home.
This $200 number in the article is nonsense. Just made up for sensationalism. It might be the salary in other countries, but not in HK.
I agree with Tom,I am from Bangladesh where average wage for a domestic help is about US$ 15,including free food(I would say left overs),a space for sleep at night( most cases in the kitchen floor,no bed),no break almost 16 hours a day,no vacation etc.Verbal to physical abuses are very common.I guess it is everywhere in the world possible to take advantage of cheap,uneducated manpower.
Slavery will not go away any time soon. It's best not to pretend it will. If you really want to get these women out of slavery, buy them. That's right. If you, someone who won't abuse or beat them buys them, then you get get them better lives, and even set them free. In these countries where women are not respected at all, that is the only way to ensure their saftey.
I am a doctor in one of the South Asian Countries...and I get paid about 300/month....as a Resident....Some of the residents work for free just to get training....so...
What Susan is not mentioning here is these girls are paid far less and often treated much worse here in Philippines by our own people. When they look for work outside our government and its various agencies such as the POEA, Department of Labor and the government 'approved' (read, they paid off various officials in the government to receive approval) then milk the prospective overseas workers relentlessly – before they leave and after they get to their country of work. The most common trick is for the Philippines based recruitment agency to show a contract for a far higher salary level and then send these young people over to the Middle East knowing they will receive far less after the employer has extracted 'transport costs', 'housing costs', 'uniform costs', 'food costs' and everything else under the sun. Of course the agencies make absolutely sure the employee pays 2 or 3 months of the full salary they were promised instead of the salary they actually received. The agencies then pay a percentage of this to the various officials and managers at the Department of Labor and POEA (Philipines Overseas Employment Agency) who keep feeding them the raw materials.
Exactly. Susan is just blabbering nonsense here and just shows how completely detached she is to this issue. The root of the problem is still in our country where federal & private agencies are in complicit in exploiting our workers.
Please cut out the lies. Since when were maids sold to different employers? A more appropriate term would be transferred. Some maids are so dumb that they will not survive a month with an employer. It is just like a probationary period and it don't just happened in the Middle East but also Hong Kong, Singapore and Malaysia. You omit the fact that there are many maids who worked with the same employer for more than a decade. As for the pay, it varies with countries not employers.
The main point of the article is not just the wage but the abuse. IMAGINE THAT: An oil rich nation, who spend lavishly when going abroad, even occupying the whole hotel when booking, can't (or do not want to) afford paying a decent wage to his/her employee? Some even studied abroad but nonetheless remained UNCIVILIZED in treating others... Come on... you hired a helper and then exploit him/her?... It shows how filthy rich you are then!... If you will base your wage to your employees nationality's wage value, you are too simplistic in your assessment...
What abuse? Doctors earn more than nurses. Lawyers earn more than legal secretaries, Plumbers earn more than handymen. Skilled workers earn more than unskilled workers. There are millions of poorly educated Phillipinos who can make more money by working overseas than at home.
So, it's about supply and demand. It is all about wages. If you are suggesting that I should pay a poorly educated maid, who comes from a remote village the same amount of money as a professional cleaning company, you're nuts.
And remember this: within maids there are different salaries too. Maids with fluent language skills, excellent cooking skills and/or child care or nursing qualifications: they earn alot more money than maids with only basic housekeeping skills.
If I am hiring a low skilled maid, why would I pay the salary of a high skilled maid? If I go to McDonald's, I don't pay gourmet burger prices.
As a foreigner who lived in the Philippines for decades because of my work, I had the honor of being accepted as a son in households in many remote areas of the country. After retirement I took it upon myself to pay for the education of some of the children of the poorest families who took me in, the last of whom was an intelligent (and beautiful) young lady, whom I delivered while working in the remote village more than 30 years ago. She successfully graduated from a private high school (with honors) and said she wanted to become a nurse to return to her village and help her people. She then successfully completed her University course work, and a number of additional trainings, took the Board exam and passed it on the first try. But then for a year she tried to find work, even as a volunteer nurse, but because she didn't have the right contacts was unable, and even though she is fluent in English, Tagalog, Ilokano and several local languages, and could work without problem in any area of the country. Without my knowledge she then borrowed money to pay the exorbitant fees of a recruiting agency and ended up in HK as a domestic helper with an engineer, his wife and two small children. Within a couple of weeks I learned that she was being treated worse than a dog...working 18 hours a day, without allowed days off, required to clean also the houses of the employers friends and take care of their children when they requested it. She was fed left over scraps, when there were any, otherwise only allowed to eat noodles. There was non-stop physical, mental, and verbal abuse, until after two months of this, and without being paid, she fled to a shelter leaving behind her meager possessions, fearing for her life. She is now back in the Philippines, heavily in debt, and still looking for work as a volunteer nurse, but without success. So where is the problem? it is not just with the family that 'hired' her, nor the HK authorities that do not screen their employers, but with the Philippine government that deprives talented and well-qualified young people of the opportunity for work in their own country.
This is more truthful. Totally agree with you.
I'm just glad the readers and especially the Filipinos in this forum are able to see through the lies in this thrash of an article from someone who's claiming to be something she's not.
Susan i am from Nepal and this maids case do really exists for our Nepalese women who currently working at middle east. Every year thousands of women from our Nepal reached to the middle east thinking to earn lots of money and take them out from poverty. They were cheated from the very beginning.Nepalese government do not permit women to work as house maids for several countries so local agents take them to the India and from there they were taken to the different countries of the middle east.As we all know how the maids were treated and behave there.So the problem is bit challenging. Problem lies in cultural differentiation too cos the Muslims culture treated the female maids is differ from rest of the other culture. This problems will exist until we create jobs inside our country and the government of those country were ready to make strong law to take guarantee on safety of maids.
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MANIPULATION WITH NANO TECHNOLOGY NANO COMPUTERS WITH IPs.
SATELITAL ASESSINATIOSN IN VENEZUELA, HUMAN SELL NANO TRANSMISOR SELL MILLIONS OF CALCULUS PER SECOND.
MENTAL TORTURE IF YOU WERE IN A MICROWAVE.
12 HRS A DAY.
WHY WE USE THIS PSIQUIATRIC METHOD TO DENOUNCE, CNN?.
OFFER BRAIN IN SALE.
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WE WRITE IN THE CNN PAGE AND OTHER HUMAN RACE CASE ARE DOING DENOUNCES?.
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SATELITAL ASESSINATIOSN IN VENEZUELA, HUMAN SELL NANO TRANSMISOR SELL MILLIONS OF CALCULUS PER SECOND.
As a foreigner who lived in the Philippines for decades because of my work, I had the honor of being accepted as a son in households in many remote areas of the country. After retirement I took it upon myself to pay for the education of some of the children of the poorest families who took me in, the last of whom was an intelligent (and beautiful) young lady, whom I delivered while working in the remote village more than 30 years ago. She successfully graduated from a private high school (with honors) and said she wanted to become a nurse to return to her village and help her people. She then successfully completed her University course work, and a number of additional trainings, took the Board exam and passed it on the first try. But then for a year she tried to find work, even as a volunteer nurse, but because she didn't have the right contacts was unable, and even though she is fluent in English, Tagalog, Ilokano and several local languages, and could work without problem in any area of the country. Without my knowledge she then borrowed money to pay the exorbitant fees of a recruiting agency and ended up in HK as a domestic helper with an engineer, his wife and two small children.
SERIAL NARCOTRAFICANT POLITICS.
ENGLAND QUEEN & HARPER – GENOCIDAL PROTECTOR.
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EUROPEAN (ROB) THE SATELITAL TERRORIST DIRECTOR.
DO YOU KNOW THEY ARE SEEING THIS TEXTS AND DENOUNCES UNTIL 2000.
WE DEMAND 1.000.000 DOLARS PER EACH DAMAGED TELOMER.
August 28, 2013 at 8:35 am | Report abuse | Reply
A friend of mine Philippina. Just got hire as a Domestic in Calif.
She has all her papers in order to leave.
But everything is in a sealed envelope.
So she has no idea who she will be working for & who will pick her up.
And no contact information for her family.
Is this right ??
Open the envelope!!!!
The USA Embassy said do not open it just hand it to immigration wen entering Calif.
Well, if the US embassy said it, I'd go along with that! If some guy out of nowhere said it, then I'd wonder.
i don't no if that the policy now?
Well, I just think it's odd that someone at the US embassy would say Don't open it unless it's to keep everything together. The US embassy can also give her the pamphlet on human trafficking and where to report it if she does not end up in the right hands.
Yes i think it is odd. she leaves in 5 days not. no time to ask the embassy
Intersestingly, when I did a search on philippines slavery, the first result was from a filipino blogger who defended themselves not being maids, and definitely not slaves, or sold. From whom's perspective is this person writing from
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