June 24th, 2011
03:48 PM ET

Slavery report will name, shame nations

How seriously governments around the world are working to combat human trafficking comes into sharp focus Monday when the U.S. State Department issues its 2011 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report.

Published annually since 2001, the TIP Report counts known cases of human trafficking in more than 175 countries, whether for commercial sex, bonded labor, child labor, involuntary domestic servitude or child soldiers.

It also takes note of new legislation enacted, how many prosecutions were initiated and how many traffickers were convicted.

The State Department describes the TIP Report as a "diplomatic tool" that can be used to engage with other countries on the issue of human trafficking.

It is assembled with the help of embassies, non-governmental organizations, aid groups and individuals who have submitted data or their own personal accounts.

As a result, the report has become the world's most comprehensive survey of modern day slavery. It also explores which strategies are succeeding or failing in the fight against human trafficking.

"The TIP Report, for us, is an invaluable source of information," says Maria Grazia Giammarinaro, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe's special representative and coordinator for combating trafficking in human beings.

She added: "In Europe we had a huge phenomenon of trafficking for sexual exploitation but now what is growing is trafficking for labor exploitation and child trafficking."

The global trade in human beings is changing, growing more sophisticated as a criminal enterprise that can boast more profits and fewer risks than the illegal drug trade.

The TIP Report accounts for that changing situation by placing countries into different tiers, which can point to progress made against human trafficking or the lack of effort. For friends and foes of Washington, it's a time of reckoning.

At the top, Tier 1 countries in 2010 like Germany, Sweden, Australia and South Korea are credited with full compliance with the requirements of the "Trafficking Victims Protection Act" re-authorized by the U.S. Congress in 2008. The U.S. is a Tier 1 country, but only began including itself in the survey in 2010.

Tier 1 does not mean a country doesn't have a human trafficking problem but rather that it has admitted the problem and is working to address it.

Tier 2 nations don't fully comply with the TVPA's minimum standards. Countries in this category are often seen as making significant progress. In 2010, countries ranging from Greece and Argentina to Indonesia and Switzerland found themselves on the second level.

There are many countries that may find themselves on the Tier 2 Watch List. These are countries that have fallen short of the legislation's minimum standards but have made "significant efforts."

What complicates the status of these countries is they may have high numbers of victims of severe forms of human trafficking and there's little or no evidence they are pursuing prosecutions of traffickers or reaching out to provide more help to victims.

The Tier 2 Watch may also point to countries that failed to live up to past commitments to improve their records. Thailand, Syria, Singapore and Iraq made the watch list in the 2010 TIP report.

At the bottom of the list are the Tier 3 states that neither meet the TVPA's minimum standards nor appear to be making efforts to do so. North Korea, Zimbabwe, Iran and even Saudi Arabia were among a dozen states shamed by the 2010 Trafficking in Persons Report.

It's not just humiliating. It can be costly, too. The U.S. Congress passed the legislation providing for limited sanctions that could deny non-humanitarian, non-trade-related foreign aid.

Tier 3 governments could also find their diplomats, military and others ineligible for educational or cultural exchange programs.

What many will find is that the 2011 TIP Report goes far beyond just numbers and lists.

It will include current examples and stories of how human trafficking is undermining the dignity of millions of people around world.

Even more interesting for most of us may be the anticipated list of "TIP Report Heroes" who are honored for their commitment to end modern day slavery.

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Topics: Government • In The News

soundoff (40 Responses)
  1. OldCactus

    Watch us give Saudi a free pass. They are the very worst but they also have the most oil. Stay tuned.......

    June 24, 2011 at 10:57 pm | Reply
    • joelle esther benyayer

      the french police and dutch impliced inside the drugs trafic prositution and hacking with thrre mayors of szint raphael frejus and sainte maxime also franc maçons close to the lodge of the mafia DGN where the politic ask some help for kills when they need so i see some sicilienne mafia from holland turkish maroco now after amsterdam etablish in var between in saint raphael to sainte maxime pretend to play music i know this people from hollan well sorrry to mayor they job is kills prostitution and drugs the music yep is me robbery of my flat now the mafia make music with mayors and police in france holland around the world some jewish artists be kills in holland by them also in var frejus adrets a painters a guitariste patrick i dont want to be a next one kills by mayors criminal and mafia so need your help joelle esther benyayer

      June 26, 2011 at 6:26 am | Reply
    • doubter

      You are right. The whole TIP report is a joke: something to satisfy those who think "something ought to be done". Does anyone on theTier 2 and 3 list really give a s#$% what the report says? They're all under sanctions already which have no impact to these states. So, what's new?
      As for the Saudis, you are right, but hey, we need their oil...........

      June 26, 2011 at 2:56 pm | Reply
  2. johnjoburg

    Join the fight against Human Trafficking and Slavery in South Africa by supporting the National Freedom Network. Contact us at diane.nfn@gmail.com

    June 25, 2011 at 3:52 am | Reply
    • Silly Goose

      White people at it again, huh? Rape the world, and then spend a good deal of effort showing, albeit indirectly, how they've changed through these Euro-centric ideologies. It's just garbage. Everyone knows that this stuff exists, and anyone with a half-decent education knows that it goes on most anywhere. "Tier 1 countries ... Most of Europe and North America ...". Please, you're not impressing any of us. Make all the mistakes, benefit from the exploitation of nations and peoples, ravage landscapes extracting wealth from around the world, reclaim entire contents from indigenous peoples, and then this. Please. I'm so please that finally Asia will be able to once again be a counter balance to White Privilege.

      June 27, 2011 at 1:33 am | Reply
  3. Sathyavrath

    Most people think slavery is just about sex enslavement and manual labour, however, India’s much vaunted economic success is based on slavery of white collar workers.
    Most companies in India do not respect family life or quality time for their workers. Banks routinely ask their workers to come in at 8am and leave by 8pm. Another weird custom is forcing workers to come in on Saturday or alternative Saturdays to “get work done”. Top IT companies in India print their workers residence phone numbers on business cards to show the world how hard they work. All this in the name of productivity – without adequate compensation. Longer work hours never translate into productivity. Workers are just burnt out and are looking for desperate ways to get out of the rat mill. When you see a business card with a residence number on it, you are looking at a slave. This situation is exactly what workers faced in England before and during the industrial revolution without any recourse to courts and justice. What are you doing about that Mr Holier than Thou, Narayan Murthy? Mr Azim Premji?

    June 25, 2011 at 6:52 am | Reply
    • Army Girl

      Well, that explains why every time I get transferred to a call center in India and get put on hold for such an excessive amount of time, they must be all taking naps.

      June 25, 2011 at 1:29 pm | Reply
      • Dusty

        You are getting transferred to "Peggy" and the Armenian Mob that runs that particular call center.

        June 26, 2011 at 6:51 pm |
    • Keshav

      I have heard many Americans complain about their jobs being taken over by Indians and being an Indian myself, it saddens me to know that we have developed such an image of what we are wrongfully accused. Do you really think that moving all software and BPO jobs out of India back to America will solve the economic problems of USA? If you think yes, then let me take out some time to explain you how the global economy works. I agree it will not solve your problems in one go, but I hope you can examine the rationality behind it and inturn beg you to re-consider the fact that we are not a cause of your problems.

      The services that you pay for a product are bundled off with the price that you pay physically for a product. Let's say you purchase a Dell laptop, the technical assistance that you are expected to get with it, is built in its retail price. If the dell call center is in the US or in other developed countries, remember that these call centers have to pay its employees in dollars or euros/pounds or likewise. That increases the cost of services which translates to you paying extra for your dell laptop. A decade (or two) back most of the Americans had comfortable 8-5 jobs. If you asked such an American to move to a night shift position, do you really think he would consider taking it? Hence several companies who realized the potential of a strong and round-the-clock service were forced to consider other low cost options – move to developing countries. With it came 2 benefits – (1) you pay the people in their local currency such as Indian rupees that has a lower dollar value and in turn can hire more people (2) you had people hungry for any job that they could lay their hands on be it in a night shift that supported the 24 hour support service that could not be satisfied in labour saturated high cost countries. Probably, Americans who don't have jobs are ready for such jobs today. But what happens when they do get regular jobs? They'll be complascent again. This was exactly the problem a couple of decades back.

      The second factor is the separation of classes. While you consider India to be poor, do know that India has the fouth largest GDP in the world which means it is the fourth richest country in the world in terms of purchasing power parity (or PPP). But this money is with the government and not with the people and hence does not count. The separation of classes of rich and poor is what drives the economy and India is no exception. The reason why I am pointing this out is that Americans are lucky in one way that they don't have much separation of classes and most of the people are assured of food and clean drinking water, which they take it for granted. Now, a graduate student research assistant in US is paid about the same for an hour as much as a part time waiter. Although this seems like a good economic model at first, it really means that Americans have to pay huge wages to its manufacturing blue collar workers. This is the exact reason why several American manufacturing units went down as they could not compete with other countries such as China which is today the manufacturing hub of the world. Americans can save more money importing goods and get it routed half way across the world rather than manufacture it themselves. The software jobs (Call centers are different) that require communication in English moved to India (defacto low cost English speaking people) and the hardware or manufacturing jobs moved to China (cost of mass prodcution lowest in the world, no English requirement). This is not only the case with America, but all of the world's largest economies (Europe) as well.

      Keeping American jobs in America only is a recipe for disaster. It is the very definition of a closed economy. If you think America can satisfy its citizens with its own fundings and not foreign trade and commerce, I believe you are mistaken. Countries like India have placed huge defence deals with the US in the recent past that in turn help to create and retain jobs in the US. Similarly, when Hewlett Packard has a burgeoning collection of software engineers in India, it also means that the engineers in US can survive only because of them (else probably HP would go in huge cost overruns to meet the competing world market). When the US government is pushing the rest of the world to open their economies to foreign trade, restricting American jobs and imposing sanctions is just a no no. It is like a blackhole in which the situation would only worsen under its own gravity. Restricting a country to forcibly use its own products is partly communism and India also suffered at the hands of it post independece till 1992 when India opened its doors to the world.

      Developing countries do have several challenges. But the equality of jobs and job deficit is just one of the problem that the high cost countries have to face (it's corollary to their economy) time and again. Blaming other countries that support US will not help solve the problem.

      June 28, 2011 at 2:59 am | Reply
      • Charllotte

        Keshev,
        Reading thru your comments - I do have to correct you on a few issues as your comments were mostly centered aroun the IT Company areas. 1) You are inccorect in your statement " A decade (or two) back most of the Americans had comfortable 8-5 jobs. If you asked such an American to move to a night shift position, do you really think he would consider taking it?" Having myself worked in th industry for 30 years there was never getting a person to work the third shift and/or weekends; reason shift differential pay in fact in most cases there were waiting lines to get on these shifts.

        One of the reasons for the moves to India was due to the signing of the US-India Stragetic Partnership in 2005 – that would share jobs between the US and India n the areas of IT/Medical and Manufacturing. This also allowed for the increase in H1B visa's.

        For Job qualifications - what has been lost is the years of knowlege, understanding and the basics of troubleshooting. Someone at some higher position – got the bright idea you just run everything by scrips and you can pay people lower and expect less. In fact one Manager at one of the IT Companies mentioned, said we are not expecting people to necesarily work or to know hat they are doing, we pay for a "positioN' seat to be filled.

        Yes, you are correct in the warranties and price, that is why there are different levels, and whn an individual pays for premium they expect t have someone that they can understand (i.e, if the product is boguth and sold in India, then I am sure they would have an easie time conversing in their native language).

        Yes, D americans want there jobs back, yes, but more for the reason of the decrease in service seen, the exhorbant salarie the CEO's are getting and to have quality work back in the te workplace. Do I thin there can be a shared endeavor yes, Moving all to India does not help te US Economy...

        Does US get higher wage - yes, on normal our rent, electric, gas and food is higher, so you would expect the salareis t be commenserate. Just as moving the Jobs to India has hurt their work forc also. In ratio-to-currency – The US and Indian workers are paid the same. So there is no difference.

        Have we lost innovation - Yes, DO people quick calling the lines due to th bad service - yes, which works out fine, less work for the call center in India - so bascially the IT comapnies are fraudulently representing the service they provide....are americans beginning to stop paying for the service yes....have the companies now begun offering premium server in the US - yes, so what will happen when most companies start paying for US Based Call Centers - It does show that people are willing to pay for this service.

        But in no way - has any american other than the sales force had a "cushy" 8-5 job in the IT Field, it has pretty much ben 60-80 hour week job (minus the call centers and manufacturing) , but then again, poeple took pride and ownership in their code and not passed off from shift to shift -

        What this has done is give the corporations to make third world countries out of all of us....India is beginning to ask for higherwages - so the job gets moved off to the next group...

        June 28, 2011 at 2:37 pm |
  4. mola

    How can Switzerland be in Tie 2 when asylum seekers work for 7 Swiss Franc which is about 8 US dollars a day from 8:am to 4:pm. This is a modern slavery by the canton with the knowledge of the government. What a shame! I think Swiss should be in Tie 4

    June 25, 2011 at 10:31 am | Reply
    • Samir

      What are you talking about? Asylum seekers who make the choice to move to a country that is kind enough to give them shelter and who are NOT required to work cannot complain about the they are not given high paying job when they are not even supposed to be working at all.

      June 26, 2011 at 11:24 am | Reply
  5. Army Girl

    People are sick. This is why I hate people, most of you all have the potential to be beasts if given the chance. I am so discussed to be part of this human race. Taking care of cute animals is the only reason I put up with any human.

    June 25, 2011 at 1:26 pm | Reply
    • Army Boy

      There's a solution to your hate ............ Remove yourself from the human race

      June 27, 2011 at 10:10 am | Reply
  6. T

    CNN are such hypocrits. They don't need to fly Nepal or the middle East to find sex slaves, they can walk down to WanChai road in Hong Kong and visit any of the dozens of bars there. All the poor Filipino and Thai girls live above the bars in dormatories and can not get their passports back until they spend two years making money daily for their bars. Lured to Hong Kong to be a model or a maid, and trapped with no way to get out and too much shame to tell anyone at home what they are doing. When they return in two years, they will never speak of it and will live with the shame for the entire lives. CNN, what do you say? Do you want to get dirty and file a brutally honest, hard hitting news report in Hong Kong where you broadcast from? Or is it just a clever story angle you can run about some place else?

    June 25, 2011 at 2:28 pm | Reply
    • cha

      What a crock of quai poo poo. Total bs. Thai bargirls. prostitutes are not slaves in dormortories or forced to do anything. They choose that life for the cash/basht as it pays far better than the rice field or McDonalds. I know many, yep in a Biblical sense too, most are happy and enjoy their work. Sex workers, yes. Slaves no.

      June 26, 2011 at 8:19 pm | Reply
      • T

        Is that what you tell yourself when you pay that bar fine at the Firehouse on Jaffee road? Does that rationalization help you sleep at night?

        With all seriousness, you need to understand how wrong you are with regard to Hong Kong and it's bars. Those girls who work for the bar have their passports confiscated upon arrival to Hong Kong by the owner of the bar/syndicate. They are not given their passport back until they "earn a specific amount". Which takes years to replay. They work everyday. They do live above the bars in dorms.

        I am not talking about some maid you met on the street who was visiting "New Makati or Neptunes" as a tourist, I am talking about the pros who work on Wan Chai and have no way to leave.

        Your rational that they are earning money is sadistic, considering they probably came to Hong Kong to earn money as a model or a singer, they had no idea they would forced to sleep with 600 men per year so they could save 20 usd over 3 years.

        I ask it again, CNN are you interested in a brutally honest and effective story that takes place in your own backyard, or do you need to travel with Demi Moore to Nepal to find a story. I get the feeling you don't want to expose this in your own backyard as it serves a purpose in Hong Kong society.

        Hey Cha, have you seen Wan chai after a USA military ship arrives around 6 am in the morning. Every bar is open and thousands of 18-21 year olds are packed into the bars to get girls and get drunk. They are going there to dance......

        June 27, 2011 at 12:03 am |
      • M

        @Cha – you are a naive and disgusting being. Human you are not.

        June 27, 2011 at 1:13 pm |
  7. jean fernand francois

    Asa human being it is illegal to make trafic with a child.

    June 25, 2011 at 6:17 pm | Reply
  8. Service Member

    US Needs to put them self's on the list. Enslaving enlisted men and women with the threat of jail for not working is in all aspects a form of slavery. Granted we get a pay check but we can't get out unless we choose jail as an option with a negative name above our heads as dis honorable. Before the US Gov goes and points a finger then need to look with in.

    June 25, 2011 at 7:52 pm | Reply
    • MUSLIMSARESCUMPIGPEDOPHILES

      I call B.S.
      Every soldier knows his obligations when he enlists. You are a fake or a retard

      June 25, 2011 at 8:57 pm | Reply
    • Fancy Newhat

      What are you talking about? If you don't like the US, then go live under a rock on an abandoned island.

      June 25, 2011 at 10:08 pm | Reply
    • mif991

      Most countries military service is obligatory. In USA you sign up.

      June 27, 2011 at 8:19 pm | Reply
  9. Medya Commentator

    Moses law was also design to remember not to do the things that Adam and Eve did which they fall from paradise to tribulation.
    Rich people usually in Saudi, America, and others will not do that but poor people like in Afghanistan, India, and others usually sell their children bec. they could not feed them.
    If you well stop the slave buyers then no their daughters will not be sold and they'll dying hungry, and there's possibility they will become prostitute. What those people who want to help can do about this is either to buy slaves and set them free, give money to parents in order they will not sell their children bec. they could not afford to feed them, give money to fathers who already sold their daughter as long as they not yet married to their masters so that they can redeem them or adopt them in honest way not to let them call them as parents as what Jesus said Matt. 23:9.
    They don't like to buy male slaves bec. according to Exo. 21 that they will be free after 6 years.

    June 25, 2011 at 11:02 pm | Reply
  10. Zip Code

    I just finished watching the Clancy show and they had the beautiful actress as a guest. I tried to follow her logic but I couldn't make the connection. On one hand she seemed to be telling us that these terrible crimes are being committed every where. And secondly, she was telling us that we should give cash to some of the victims after they are rescused. She also seemed to suggest that the United States government should donate more money to help other countries enforce the anti-slavery laws. I don't know about you but I like the U.S. Army Marching Band and I think that it should be funded. The solution to human trafficing is for Nations to enforce their laws. This is one of thoes problems that throwing a lot of money at it will not fix it, the only fix is for governments to enforce the law. Concerning money for the victims; charities can help, but the responsibility is the criminals who traffic and the governments that don't enforce their law

    June 26, 2011 at 2:00 am | Reply
  11. Carbon Copy 1

    Theres still slavery going on in the United States i was one, under paid reported to E.E.O.c but to no Avail. Was trheatened by my employer, and every where i Worked i was Paid less while beeing a professional Artisan. All Complaints were Ignored even at the human rights Commision, and I had so much Hoped for a Better Life in the United States. It all turned out to be a Nightmare. I left the U.S and are now living in China and enjoyin more Respect.

    June 26, 2011 at 3:12 am | Reply
  12. cedrick

    I should commend the people who devote their time, effort and resources to help these unfortunate people. Sex slavery is prevalent even in my country Philippines. I wish I have the resources to help the CNN Freedom Project.
    My heart bleeds for these "stolen children".

    June 26, 2011 at 9:12 am | Reply
  13. YuliqMahbaht

    Guns don't kill human traffickers – I kill human traffickers.

    June 26, 2011 at 10:11 am | Reply
  14. gloria

    Is anyone else sick and tired of Jolie, Demi, Penn, Madonna, and all the other money wads that go around the world to help people???
    Demi Moore should of set her a$$ on the streets of the US, and she would see MANY young boys and girls alike, being held hostage by brutal pimps. PLEASE, people, BOYCOTT all their movies and tv shows, until they stop their personal hungers for national attention. Charity begins at home, but I guess if you need the fanfare, you travel outside our borders.

    June 26, 2011 at 2:09 pm | Reply
  15. Carla Conde - Freudendorff

    I think the CNN Freedom project is a great tool to fight human trafficking, but I have no respect for the USDOS Tip Report anymore.

    June 26, 2011 at 5:03 pm | Reply
  16. sos999

    Thailand, Philippines, and Vietnam are most popular sex trip destination. 95% of western males who travel by themselves to Asia will have sex with Asian girls.

    June 26, 2011 at 5:13 pm | Reply
    • Dusty

      You mean like Rush Limpballs and his good friend Glenn Beck?

      June 26, 2011 at 6:54 pm | Reply
    • cha

      Yep, that;s me. Can't beat it, no pun intended. Sex with young Asian girls is the best thing since sliced bread and I recommend it highly. I do my part to support the economies of all those sex destinations with my meager social security retirement check. ?The near worthless dollar still can buy a few good thing in a third world country. Leave the girls alone and let them earn a living.

      June 26, 2011 at 8:28 pm | Reply
    • M

      You realize the majority of those girls are slaves, right?

      June 27, 2011 at 1:14 pm | Reply
  17. T. J. Garrison

    I don't for one minute believe any report that we are "helping". I think we're part of the problem, and we've known of this trafficking for decades. We've turned our heads to the plight of, especially, the children. God help us because of our callousness....and dare I say 'sin'? As long as it's not my daughter or in my neighborhood, we're ok with it–aren't we?

    June 27, 2011 at 12:34 pm | Reply
  18. Jonh R Tur

    I don't know why Cuba is in the TIP report. Is it for the slaves brought into the island by Spain after 1492? Or is it for the cubans being left in keys or thrown in the sea by US based traffickers when they see a Coast Guard ship? Either one is not Cuba's fault.

    June 28, 2011 at 11:49 am | Reply
  19. doobie

    This should include the USA, I assume. Yes, this means prostitution and drug runners. But it also means undocumented & abused farm workers. US companies turning a blind eye to products made in third world countries by child labor is another thing to address.

    June 28, 2011 at 1:42 pm | Reply
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